LONDON, Jan. 14, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Verona Pharma plc (AIM:VRP) (Nasdaq:VRNA) (“Verona Pharma”), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative therapies for respiratory diseases, announces top-line data from its three-day Phase 2 clinical pharmacology trial evaluating the effect of two different doses (1.5 mg and 6.0 mg; twice daily) of nebulized ensifentrine (RPL554) when used on top of an inhaled long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting beta2 agonist (“LAMA/LABA”), tiotropium/olodaterol (Stiolto® Respimat®). LAMA/LABA therapies are commonly used in the maintenance treatment of patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (“COPD”). Patients already receiving inhaled corticosteroid (“ICS”) therapy were allowed to continue to receive a stable dose of ICS throughout the study, thus providing additional data on “triple therapy” use.
Ensifentrine is an investigational first-in-class, inhaled, dual inhibitor of the enzymes phosphodiesterase 3 and 4 designed to have bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory properties, which is currently in development for the maintenance treatment of COPD, cystic fibrosis and asthma.
- Primary endpoint of peak forced expiratory volume in one second (“FEV1”) after morning dose on day 3 of treatment was not met with statistical significance, although the ensifentrine 1.5 mg morning dose improved peak FEV1 by 46 mL, compared to placebo.
– Improvement in FEV1, compared to placebo, with the 1.5 mg dose was maintained throughout the 24-hour period as measured on day 3.
- Importantly, peak FEV1 after evening dose on day 3 showed statistically significant improvement, compared to placebo, with both doses, with ensifentrine 1.5 mg showing a 130 mL improvement (p<0.001) and ensifentrine 6.0 mg showing an 81 mL improvement (p=0.002).
- Ensifentrine at a 1.5 mg dose produced consistent improvements, compared to placebo, in average FEV1 over 12 hours following the morning dose on days 1 to 3, with an improvement of approximately 50 mL on day 3. These improvements were not shown to be statistically significant when adjusted for multiple doses.
- Reductions in residual volume, compared to placebo, as measured by plethysmography were observed at all time points on day 3 with the 1.5 mg dose.
– Statistically significant reductions in mean residual volume were observed 15 minutes following the evening dose on day 3, with ensifentrine 1.5 mg showing a reduction of 259 mL (p<0.002) and ensifentrine 6.0 mg showing a reduction of 142 mL (p<0.036).
- Ensifentrine 6.0 mg did not result in greater improvement in lung function as compared with the ensifentrine 1.5 mg dose.
- Ensifentrine was well tolerated at both doses with an adverse event profile consistent with that observed in prior studies.
“Achieving additional bronchodilator response of this magnitude in COPD patients that have previously been considered to be maximally bronchodilated on background dual or triple therapy in a short, three-day study is clinically meaningful and unprecedented,” commented Dave Singh, M.D., Professor of Clinical Pharmacology and Respiratory Medicine, Medicines Evaluation Unit, University of Manchester. “The statistically significant reduction observed in residual volume for the ensifentrine 1.5 mg dose at certain time points, which is closely related to dyspnea or breathlessness, highlights the potential for ensifentrine to provide symptomatic improvement for patients with this progressive and debilitating disease. I look forward to seeing data from longer-term studies evaluating the bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory activity of this unique mechanism of action.”
“Having demonstrated in previous studies the potential of ensifentrine to deliver benefits to patients on no or single bronchodilator therapy, we believe that this short study continues to support our view that ensifentrine may also be of benefit to more severe COPD patients on dual and triple therapy, for whom there are few other treatment options,” said Jan-Anders Karlsson, PhD, CEO of Verona Pharma. “While we are disappointed that this exploratory Phase 2 study did not achieve statistical significance for its primary endpoint, these data give us clarity on the design, including dose and background therapy, for future long-term studies. We now have the opportunity to also include patients on dual and triple therapy, with the goal of further evaluating ensifentrine’s potential to produce sustained bronchodilation and anti-inflammatory effect in this large number of symptomatic COPD patients.”
In Phase 2 clinical trials completed to date, ensifentrine has been observed to result in bronchodilator effects when used alone or as an add-on treatment to other COPD bronchodilators, and has also shown anti-inflammatory effects in a standard challenge study with COPD-like inflammation in human subjects. Verona Pharma is currently conducting a Phase 2 trial to evaluate a dry powder inhaler formulation of ensifentrine for the maintenance treatment of COPD. The company also plans to evaluate ensifentrine in a metered-dose inhaler formulation as part of a comprehensive clinical program intended to fully demonstrate the clinical utility of ensifentrine in improving the standard of care for COPD.
This study was a randomized, double-blind, three-way crossover trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT0367367), conducted at sites in the U.S. and in the U.K., which enrolled 79 patients with COPD to investigate the efficacy and safety of nebulized ensifentrine (RPL554) on top of an inhaled LAMA/LABA, tiotropium/olodaterol (Stiolto®Respimat®), compared to placebo. Approximately 40% of patients were already receiving ICS anti-inflammatory therapy before the study and were allowed to continue to receive a stable dose of ICS throughout the study, thus providing additional data on “triple therapy” use. Following a 7- to 14-day washout period in advance of dosing and between study arms, patients received three days of treatment with each of two dose strengths (1.5 mg or 6.0 mg) of nebulized ensifentrine or placebo twice daily. The primary endpoint of this trial was improvement in lung function with ensifentrine (as an add-on to tiotropium/olodaterol), compared to placebo, as measured by FEV1, a standard measure of exhaled breath volume to evaluate respiratory function, four hours post-dose after the morning dose on day three. Secondary endpoints included lung function as measured by FEV1 over time, reductions in residual volume, and safety and tolerability.
Verona Pharma will host an investment community conference call today at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Standard Time (1:00 p.m. Greenwich Mean Time) on Monday, January 14, 2019 to discuss the top-line data from the study disclosed in this press release.
Analysts and investors may participate in the conference call by utilizing the conference ID: 13686524 and dialing the following numbers:
- 1-877-423-9813 or + 1-201-689-8573 for callers in the United States
- 0 800 756 3429 for callers in the United Kingdom
- 0 800 182 0040 for callers in Germany
Those interested in listening to the conference call live via the internet may do so by visiting the “Events and Presentations” page on the “Investors” section of Verona Pharma’s website at http://investors.veronapharma.com/events-and-presentations/events and clicking on the webcast link. Slides highlighting the top-line data will also be posted to the “Events and Presentations” page.
About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (“COPD”) is a progressive and life-threatening respiratory disease for which there is no cure. Although COPD is thought to be underdiagnosed, globally, around 384 million people suffer from the disease. This number, according to the World Health Organization, is likely to increase in coming years, with estimates that COPD will become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. The condition damages the airways and the lungs, leading to persistent symptoms of breathlessness, impacting a person’s daily life and their ability to perform simple activities such as walking a short flight of stairs or carrying a suitcase. Many experience acute periods of worsening symptoms called ‘exacerbations’, often leading to emergency department visits or hospital admissions and are also associated with high mortality. In the United States alone, the 2010 total annual medical costs related to COPD were estimated to be $32 billion and are projected to rise to $49 billion in 2020. About 30-40% of moderate to severe COPD patients on triple inhaled therapy (ICS/LAMA/LABA) remain uncontrolled and continue to experience airway obstruction (breathing difficulties), COPD symptoms and exacerbations. There is an urgent need for drugs with novel mechanisms of action that can be used by these patients in addition to current therapies.
About Verona Pharma plc
Verona Pharma is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative therapies for the treatment of respiratory diseases with significant unmet medical needs. Verona Pharma’s product candidate, ensifentrine, is an investigational first-in-class, inhaled, dual inhibitor of the enzymes phosphodiesterase 3 and 4 that is designed to act as both a bronchodilator and an anti-inflammatory agent in a single compound. In previous clinical trials, the nebulized formulation of ensifentrine has been observed to result in bronchodilator effects when used alone or as an add-on treatment to other COPD bronchodilators. It has shown clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements in lung function when administered in addition to frequently used short- and long-acting bronchodilators, such as tiotropium (Spiriva®), compared with such bronchodilators administered as a single agent. Ensifentrine improved FEV1 over four weeks in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD when compared to placebo and improved COPD symptoms and quality of life in a Phase 2b multicenter European study performed in 403 patients. In addition, ensifentrine has shown anti-inflammatory effects in a standard challenge study with COPD-like inflammation in human subjects. Ensifentrine has been well tolerated in these studies, having been administered to more than 800 subjects in 13 clinical trials. Verona Pharma is developing ensifentrine for the treatment of COPD, CF, and asthma.