GPCR Libraries

GPCR Libraries

ChemDiv offers 4 libraries of compounds acting on G protein-coupled receptors: GPCR Targeted Library (40k compounds), GPCR Annotated Library (5800 compounds, biological data available for 122 proteases targets), Chemokine Receptor-Targeted Library (18k compounds) and Neuropeptide S Library (3k compounds). GPCR sets are included in SmartTM Library and Privileged Fragments Annotated library.

What is GPCRs?

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a big group of transmembrane receptors. They are also known as serpentine or seven-helix. They include 800 genes (or about 4% of the entire protein-coding human genome). GPCRs activate pathways of intracellular signal transduction, that lead to a cellular response. Endogenous agonist ligands that bind to and activate these receptors include hormones, neurotransmitters, photosensitive substances, odorants, pheromones, and range in size from small molecules and peptides to proteins.

GPCR

GPCR throughout the body

G protein-coupled receptors are related to a great amount of processes:

Vision: Opsins use a photoisomerization reaction to convert electromagnetic radiation into cellular signals. Rhodopsin, for example, uses the conversion of 11-cis-retinal to all-trans-retinal for this purpose;

Smell: olfactory epithelial receptors bind odorous substances (olfactory receptors) and pheromones (vomeronasal receptors);

Regulation of behavior and mood: Receptors in the mammalian brain bind several different neurotransmitters, including serotonin, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glutamate;

Regulation of immune system activity and inflammation: chemokine receptors bind ligands that carry out intercellular communication in the immune system; receptors, such as the histamine receptor, bind inflammatory mediators and involve certain cell types in the inflammatory process;

Autonomic nervous system function: Both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are regulated by G protein-coupled receptors responsible for many of the body's automatic functions, such as maintaining blood pressure, heart rate, and digestive processes.

High potential for Drug Discovery

Many of the world's top selling drugs have targeted this receptor family. They play central role in the development of cancer, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, psychiatric disorders and obesity,

A recent study of all GPCR drugs and agents currently in clinical trials found that 475 drugs (i.e. ~34% of all drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration [FDA]) mediate their effects through 108 unique GPCR. In addition, success rates for GPCR-targeting drugs over the past 5 years have been 78% (Phase I), 39% (Phase II), and 29% (Phase III). One of the recent FDA-approved GPCR-targeted drug is Zilretta (triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension), a glucocorticoid receptor agonist that is used to treat pain in osteoarthritis of the knee.

ChemDiv offers 4 libraries of compounds acting on G protein-coupled receptors.

Popular library is GPCR Targeted Library which contains 40k compounds.

The other good example is Chemokine Receptor-Targeted Library. It consists of 18k elements. Therapeutic strategies based on modulation of chemokine receptor pathways were reported to be promising clinical strategies in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and atherosclerosis, psoriasis, inflammatory skin diseases and atopic dermatitis, as well as viral infections, including HIV.

Have a look at our Human GPCR Annotated Library . Biological data is available for 122 proteases targets. The total number of compounds is 5800 compounds. Among them 640 compounds are available for express delivery.

Neuropeptide S Library consists of 3k small molecules. Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a 20-residue peptide and endogenous ligand of the NPS receptor (NPSR). This receptor was a formerly orphan GPCR whose activation increases calcium and cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels. The NPS/NPSR system is expressed in several brain regions where it controls important biological functions including locomotor activity, arousal and sleep, anxiety, food intake, memory, pain, and drug addiction.

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